Refugee Stats

SOME RECENT STATISTICS
REGARDING ERITREAN REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS

Compiled by The America Team for Displaced Eritreans*
to May 2017 

 

Mediterranean Crossings and Fatalities

Current Reporting by IOM               Current Reporting by UNHCR

 

Rankings

Refugees.

Eritreans comprised the fourth largest migrant group within the mass influx into Europe in 2015  (following Syrians, Iraqis and Afghans).  The World Post (Huffington Post); United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Eritreans comprised the largest group of African refugees in Europe in 2015.  BBC.

Eritreans comprised the largest group of asylum seekers in the U.K. as of August 2015.  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Eritreans comprised the majority of migrants who drowned in the Mediterranean in the first three quarters of 2015.  Wall Street Journal.

Eritreans comprised the largest group of unaccompanied children arriving in Italy in 2015.  Bloomberg, quoting the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Eritrea.

Country conditions.

Eritrea ranked 7 out of 7 (the lowest ranking) in the 2016 Freedom in the World index.  Freedom House.

Eritrea had the least free press in the world as of 2016 and in many previous years.  Reporters Without Borders.

Eritrea had the second largest army in Africa as of 2016 (following Egypt).  GlobalSecurity.org; World Atlas.

Eritrea ranked 186th out of 188 countries in the 2015 report on the United Nations’ Human Development Index.  United Nations Development Program.

Eritrea ranked 164th out of 176 countries in Transparency International’s annual corruption perception index for 2016.  Transparency International.

Other Numbers

474,296 – Documented Eritrean refugees and asylum seekers worldwide as of the end of 2015. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 

5,000 — Average monthly refugee flow from Eritrea to all countries in recent months as of June 2015.  United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea.

3,000 – Average monthly refugee flow from Eritrea to Ethiopia, Fall 2014 – Fall 2015, with monthly peaks rising to 5,000. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

2,500 – Unaccompanied (and other parentless) children living in UNHCR refugee camps in northern Ethiopia as of December, 2015. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

3,394 —  Unaccompanied Eritrean children arriving in Italy in 2014.  United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Eritrea.

3,092 — Unaccompanied Eritrean children arriving in Italy in 2015.  United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Eritrea.

7,009 — Unaccompanied child migrants and refugees (from all countries) arriving in Italy from the Mediterranean from January through May, 2016, comprising 90% of all child migrants and refugees arriving in Italy from the Mediterranean during that period.  The New York Times, quoting International Organization for Migration.

25,800 — Unaccompanied child migrants and refugees (from all countries) arriving in Italy from the Mediterranean in 2016.  UNICEF.

3,233 – Dead and missing migrants and refugees (from all countries) in the Mediterranean during 2014. International Organization for Migration. 

3,770 – Dead and missing migrants and refugees (from all countries) in the Mediterranean during 2015. International Organization for Migration.

5,098 — Dead and missing migrants and refugees (from all countries) in the Mediterranean from during 2016.  International Organization for Migration.

1,530 — Dead and missing migrants and refugees (from all countries) in the Mediterranean in 2017 through May 24.  International Organization for Migration.

1 out of 44 — The odds of drowning on the Central Mediterranean migration route (e.g., from Libya to Italy) from January through mid-November, 2016.  Wall Street Journal, citing International Organization for Migration.

47,000 — Migrants rescued on the Central Mediterranean route (mainly Libya to Italy) by NGOs in 2016, representing approximately one-quarter of all rescue operations during that period (the rest of the operations were conducted by governmental and inter-governmental authorities).  Wall Street Journal.

1,000 — Unaccompanied Eritrean children smuggled from Catania, Sicily by criminal organizations (whether consensually for onward migration to northern Europe, or for unknown and more dangerous fates) between 2013 and July 2016.  The Guardian, quoting a local Eritrean cultural mediator.

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*We will undertake to update these figures from time to time

 

struggles

Seeking

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